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Concerning Original Sin, part 12

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Psalm 116:12–13

Original sin should be taught so that our people might truly know their need of, and have a desire for Christ, and the grace that the gospel offers.

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Concerning Original Sin, part 11

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 2:14–16

We too often consider sin something as simply that we do. It is more than what we do; sin is the reason we do the things we know to be sinful.

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Concerning Original Sin, part 10

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Matthew 6:25–33

Original sin is an inability to seek God and his righteousness, so that what we are left with is the inordinate ability to seek after the things of the flesh.

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Concerning Original Sin, part 9

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Ephesians 4:20–24

Our original nature or self must be drowned in baptism, and as we are so comfortable in our old clothing, we must daily put off of that old self.

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Concerning Original Sin, part 8

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Colossians 3:5–10

Due to the fall, humanity now lacks the original image of God given them in creation, and without it, any innate righteousness or ability to achieve it.

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Concerning Original Sin, part 7

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Genesis 1:26–27

Lutherans, as well as the Church Fathers, define original sin as the complete lack of the righteousness that was originally given humanity.

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Concerning Original Sin, part 6

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Psalm 14:1–3

Without the doctrine of original sin, God must be considered rather foolish for sending his Son to redeem those are capable of redeeming themselves.

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Concerning Original Sin, part 5

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Psalm 1:1–2

Our symptoms point to something pernicious, as does Scripture. And the Word of God — not human reason — is always to be our final authority.

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Concerning Original Sin, part 4

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Ephesians 2:1–5

Being rich in mercy, and loving the whole world, God sent his Son to save us from our sinful birth, from the sin that originates within each of us.

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Concerning Original Sin, part 3

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 3:18–21

A proper understanding of original sin, will rely upon “sola Scriptura” as the final word, as it is in all things for those are truly Lutheran Christians.

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Concerning Original Sin, part 2

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Colossians 3:2–6

Original sin is not the doing of unlawful things but is the depraved condition, the diseased state of the natural person, that is itself sin.

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Concerning Original Sin

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Psalm 51:3–5

Original sin is not the doing of unlawful things but is the depraved condition, the diseased state of the natural person, that is itself sin.

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The Preface to the Defense

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Colossians 2:1–7

The church in Rome would not have the Augsburg Confession but the reformers clung more tightly to their articles of faith and defended them.

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Concerning the Power of Bishops, Part 12

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 10:23–30

Minutia like hair, dress, jewelry, food, drink, and ceremony can become the focus for some, but for Christians, Christ and his gospel must be the focus.

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Concerning the Power of Bishops, Part 11

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Romans 1:16–17

Ceremonial laws are Jewish, not Christian, and so often entrap consciences, which Jesus came to liberate and give peace and certainty of forgiveness.

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Concerning the Power of Bishops, Part 10

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Hebrews 10:19-25

We gather together on the Lord's day, yet no day is any better than another in terms of salvation, for days do not save; the Lord of day is the Savior.

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Concerning the Power of Bishops, Part 9

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Romans 11:1–6

Bishops or pastors may make ordinances so that there is order in the church but these may not be said to merit grace or make satisfaction for sins.

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Concerning the Power of Bishops, Part 8

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Matthew 11:25–30

The gospel prohibits making ordinances necessary for meriting grace, so it follows that it is not lawful for any bishop to institute such things.

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Concerning the Power of Bishops, Part 7

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Matthew 15:10–20

Bishops have no right to burden the church with obligations of false righteousness, for these do not help us trust in the merit of Christ alone.

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Concerning the Power of Bishops, Part 6

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Colossians 2:16–19

There is one thing that settles the matter of sin, or our righteousness before God, and that one thing is faith in the saving work of Christ Jesus alone.

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Concerning the Power of Bishops, Part 5

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Galatians 3:1–3

It is against Scripture to establish or require any tradition, if the observance is to make satisfaction for sins, or to earn grace and righteousness.

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Concerning Monastic Vows, Part 10

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: James 1:1–4

Once monastic vows are understood to be human inventions, they are null and void; one is freed to live a normal life as God has commanded.

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Concerning Monastic Vows, Part 9

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Timothy 4:1–5

Anyone in any calling of life, may be a servant of Christ, without taking special orders in the church, for all vocations are holy orders when done for God.

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Concerning Monastic Vows, Part 7

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Galatians 5:1–6

To say that one may do something — anything at all — that could earn God's grace is an insult to the gospel of our Lord and to Christ himself.

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Concerning Monastic Vows, Part 6

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Romans 8:1–4

The Lutherans believed that marriages could not be annulled by monastic vows, the opposite being the case: marriage vows annul monastic obligations.

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Concerning Monastic Vows, Part 5

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Matthew 19:10–12

Lutherans teach that vows of celibacy are not sacramental, nor are they binding in cases where one did not understand what was being promised.

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Concerning Monastic Vows, Part 4

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Ecclesiastes 5:1–7

Some promises must be broken, for example, when God's Word and order are at stake, promises should be reconsidered in the light of God's love.

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Concerning Monastic Vows, Part 3

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 7:1–5

Because of the temptation to immorality, the commandment of God is that each man should have his own wife and each woman her own husband.

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Concerning Monastic Vows, Part 2

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Philippians 3:12–21

Paul admits that he is not perfect, but struggling against his flesh, he presses on toward the goal of completeness, in spite of his imperfect state.

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Concerning Monastic Vows, Part 1

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Matthew 5:33–37

Lutherans do not believe that "holy orders" such as monastic vows are sacraments, means of receiving grace, let alone earning God's grace.

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Concerning the Distinction of Meats - Part 6

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 9:24–27

Discipline your body, yes, with exercise and diet, and spiritual disciplines also like fasting and vigils, but not think these are the things that save you.

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Concerning Confession - Part 2

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Psalm 19:12–13

Praise God for his mercy instead of worrying that you have forgotten some other sin for which an imaginary, angry god would hold you accountable.

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Concerning Confession - Part 1

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: John 20:21-23

Lutheran churches carefully teach about faith in the absolution, reminding Christians of the great consolation it brings to anxious consciences.

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Concerning the Mass - Part 6

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 11:33-34

Holy Communion is not a potluck that feeds the belly. It is a means of grace in which people are assured that they receive the forgiveness of sins.

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Concerning the Mass - Part 5

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Luke 22:14-20

As was the apostolic practice and that of the Fathers, Holy Communion belongs to the whole church, not just to those who can afford it.

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Concerning the Mass - Part 4

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Hebrews 10:8-14

As was the apostolic practice and that of the Fathers, Holy Communion belongs to the whole church, not just to those who can afford it.

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Concerning the Mass - Part 3

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Acts 8:18-23

Since the beginning of the world, nothing that God ever ordained seems to have been so abused for the sake of generating revenue as the Mass.

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Concerning the Mass - Part 2

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Ephesians 2:4-7

It was taught that one could purchase a Mass to be said for himself or a dead relative as a way of earning merit with God, reducing time in Purgatory.

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Concerning the Mass - Part 1

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 11:27-32

It is God's will that we receive his grace through the means of Holy Communion, and do so often, as we sinners need his grace very much.

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Concerning the Marriage of Priests

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Genesis 2:18, 21-24

Enforced celibacy is man's answer to a human problem with sin; it is not God's answer. The Lord's answer, his intention and institution, is marriage.

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Concerning Both Kinds in the Sacrament

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Matthew 26:26-28

When we change the plain meaning of God's Word or remove verses that offend us, we offend God and are condemned by the very words we omit.

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Corrected Abuses

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 16:13-14

Corruptions had begun to creep into the church, and reform was badly needed so that people's hearts could again be comforted by the mercy of God.

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Conclusion of Part One

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 1:10-13

The emphasis of the Confession remains upon Christ rather than tradition, in the authority of God instead of human invention, practices, and teachings.

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Concerning the Worship of Saints

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Romans 8:31-34

Lutherans aim to imitate the lives of the saints but not venerate them, as to pray to them for help or expect such aid from any but God in Christ's Spirit.

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Concerning Good Works - Part 8

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: John 15:1-5

Doing good works as conditional to salvation is impossible since one cannot begin to love God or do good works until filled with the Holy Spirit.

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Concerning Good Works - Part 7

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: James 2:14-22

Lutherans confess that it is necessary to do good works because it is the will of God, these works contributing nothing to salvation but being evidence of it.

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Concerning Good Works - Part 6

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: John 3:16-17

True faith is that which trusts in the only God as a Father who loves and forgives, giving comfort and support where once there was worry and fear.

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Concerning Good Works - Part 5

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Philippians 3:1-11

The conscience is plagued with guilt when one relies on good works for righteousness with God, instead of relying on Christ alone through faith.

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Concerning Good Works - Part 4

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Romans 15:8-13

The doctrine of justification by faith alone brings the greatest consolation to the conscience since good works depends on us but faith depends on Christ.

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Concerning Good Works - Part 3

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Acts 15:5-11

The Lutherans, in teaching justification by faith, were not introducing a novel doctrine, as it had been taught by the Apostles and the Church Fathers.

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Concerning Good Works - Part 2

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: John 14:1-6

Our works cannot appease God or earn forgiveness of sins, grace, and justification. We obtain this only by believing we are favored only for Christ's sake.

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Concerning Good Works - Part 1

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Matthew 5:14-16

Though Lutherans confess that God's grace alone justifies a person without adding a single virtuous act, they believe that good works flow from faith.

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The Cause of Sin

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Romans 1:18-25

God did not create evil but he did create humans with the ability to be disobedient to his good will, to sin, and we call this disobedience evil.

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Free Will

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 2:14-16

Lutherans confess that that they are unable to attain to the righteousness of God, and are entirely dependent upon God's grace from start to finish,.

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Concerning Christ's Return for Judgment

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 15:50-57

Jesus Christ is returning to earth on the last day of time to judge the living and the dead, sorting out believers to heaven and unbelievers to hell.

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Civic Government

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Romans 13:1-7

Lutherans teach that the sanctification of Christians does not come from doing or not doing things, but with what Christ has done for us on the cross.

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Church Traditions

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Galatians 4:8-11

The human heart must be constantly reminded that Christ is the end of the law but that there are “profitable” things we still do — yet not as obligation.

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About Ecclesiastical Order

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Ephesians 4:11-16

God puts great responsibility and privilege upon a relative few in his church so that all of his people may grow in the Word and the grace of Jesus Christ.

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The Use of the Sacraments

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 11:23–26

The gift of Christ's Body and Blood is God working through his Supper to enliven and establish our faith through continued grace, only received by faith.

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About Repentance

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Colossians 1:9-14

Lutherans hold that the only way to perfectly overcome sin is to be forgiven for Christ's sake, not through any merit or satisfactions of our own.

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About Confession

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: James 5:13-20

Because one cannot enumerate all sins, Lutherans practice public confession and absolution, while encouraging private confession too.

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About the Lord's Supper

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: John 6:50–59

Lutherans profess with the Scripture, that "this is," Christ's real body and blood, that he is truly present, and not just a grateful memory of him.

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About Baptism

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Peter 3:18–22

Lutherans profess that baptism is necessary for salvation, not just for adults but for children too, that God's grace, like Christ's touch, is available to the them.

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What the Church Is

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Matthew 23:1–10

The Christian is that person who no longer seeks his salvation, his deliverance, his justification in himself, his virtues, but in Jesus Christ alone.

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Concerning the Church

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Ephesians 5:25–27

The Church of Christ is that congregation of saints in which the gospel is correctly taught and the Sacraments are rightly administered.

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New Obedience

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Galatians 5:18–25

One who walks by the Spirit operates under a new obedience, doing even more than the law requires. These fruits of the Spirit do not save but flow from faith.

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Of the Ministry

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Romans 10:5–17

The Holy Spirit, through the Word and Sacraments, works faith in them that hear the gospel, justifying those who believe that they are received by grace for Christ's sake.

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Of Justification

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Romans 3:21-31

Romans 3:28 sounds like a sixteenth century Lutheran wrote the words but they were penned by Paul and inspired by the Holy Spirit in the first century.

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Of the Son of God

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: John 20:30-31

Eternal God then born human also, Jesus has a dual nature, a shared existence or incarnation. He is God and man at once — God in the flesh.

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Of Original Sin

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Galatians 3:21-27

We all need a Savior because we are all sinners from birth. Even those "innocent" little babies need the Savior. Do not hinder them coming to Jesus.

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Of God

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 2 Corinthians 13:11-14

Lutherans confessed at Augsburg that they believed what the Scriptures say about God, regardless of whether they could reason their way to the doctrine.

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A Preface Toward Unity

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Peter 3:13-17

Christians ought to hope for unity, beginning to do so by considering how they agree on matters of the faith, for we are called to fellowship in Jesus.

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Standing On Your Own Feet

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Revelation 20:11–15

In the end, at the coming of Christ, “every one must stand on his own feet; his own personal faith is demanded, he will give an account for himself...”

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Likewise

Reading the Word with Luther

Scripture Text: 1 Timothy 2:1–6

The Small Catechism teaches us that the ascended Christ is “true God, begotten of the Father from eternity, and also true man, born of the Virgin Mary.”

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One Christ

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 4:1–6

He is not two beings, a god and a man somehow in a kind of symbiosis, or a compound or complex organism, two beings, but no longer quite human or divine.

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Equal and Subordinate

Reading the Word with Luther

Scripture Text: Colossians 2:8–15

When you were dead in your sins, God made you alive with him by canceling the debt that stood against you, nailing it to the cross.

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Addressing Heresies

Reading the Word with Luther

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 1:18–21

"Now, that sounds believable," said no one ever about the Trinity — unless the Spirit of God is at work in her through the proclaimed Word.

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Compulsion

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Romans 11:33–36

We have been a great gift from God: the revelation of himself. Otherwise we could not comprehend the Mystery who is God, nor believe in him.

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Trinity in Unity

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: John 14:6–13

Now this is the catholic faith: we worship one God in trinity and the Trinity in unity, neither confusing the persons nor dividing the divine being.

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Whole and Inviolable

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: John 20:24–29

The latest theological craze attracts the spiritually distracted like deer to headlights. The more glaring and wilder, the better.

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The Athanasian Creed

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Luke 24:44–45

The whole three Persons are coeternal together, and coequal, so that in all things, the Unity in Trinity and the Trinity in Unity is to be worshiped.

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The World to Come

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 John 5:10–13

We may hope to see a departed family member in heaven, but for the true believer, there is no greater longing than to be with God on earth as in heaven.

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Looking Forward to It

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 1 Corinthians 15:12–19

In the creeds, we confess that Jesus really died but was also resurrected from the dead. And so, we confess that we too will be raised as he was.

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One Baptism

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Ephesians 4:1–6

We’re you baptized into a stream, a pond, a river, a baptistery, a font? Or were you baptized into Christ. If the latter, your sins have been removed.

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One Church

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Galatians 6:11–18

We confess a Church united in its apostolic doctrines and practices, one that is orthodox, rightly teaching the Word and observing the sacraments.

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Who Spake

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 2 Samuel 23:1–4

We only know about God because he has revealed himself to us. The Nicene Creed speaks specifically here of the ministry of the Holy Spirit, "who spake."

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Together

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: Genesis 1:26–28

The Creed helps the uncomprehending to confess and believe the Scriptures so that they may come to understand the incomprehensible.

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Proceeds

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: John 15:26–27

There is a plurality in God, yet an inseparable unity in the undivided essence whom we refer to in the Scriptures.

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Lord and Giver of Life

Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions

Scripture Text: 2 Corinthians 3:12–18

The Holy Spirit is too often thought of as impersonal, a power, rather that the relational third person of the Trinity who is God.

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